The club came into being in the summer of 2003 when the Welsh Rugby Union controversially elected to reduce the current top tier of Welsh Professional Rugby from nine clubs into five regions, attempting to mirror the successful formats of rugby union in Ireland, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. They typically fought unarmored in a battle line formation. For hundreds of years, the Celtic warrior represented the quintessential barbarian warrior to the settled peoples of the Mediterranean. The ancient writers described the Celtic chariots use as a mixture of cavalry and infantry tactics. The Greek historian Polybius gives an account of the Battle of Telamon 225 BC in which the Romans defeated an invasion by the Boii, Insubres, Taurisci and Gaesatae. The team itself performed well for a squad almost completely rebuilt over the summer, acquitting themselves well in both the 2003–04 Celtic League and the 2003–04 Heineken Cup. The wars paved the way for Caesar to become the sole ruler of the Roman Republic. Organisation was according to clan grouping and social class. No Celtic group employed a regular military as we would understand it. With Bridgend RFC having clinched the 2002–03 Welsh Premier League title and Pontypridd RFC being consistently strong in those competitions, the Warriors were considered one of the strongest line-ups of the five Welsh regions.
The Welsh Mabinogion dates from roughly the same era. Another weapon, the sica, was called the Thracian sword (Ancient Greek: Θρᾳκικὸν ξίφος) though it did not originate there, despite its popular usage. Greek and Roman writers tend to focus much on the savage ferocity of the Celtic warrior, creating an image which has persisted ever since. Britain, in: Proc. The Celtic Nightmare
In classical times the Galatian warriors were respected by Greek, Pontic and Roman commanders . The Celtic warriors, or Gauls as they were called in the French part of their range, spiked their hair up with lime and wore horned and winged helmets to emphasize their large stature. Round shields were usually used by light infantrymen or cavalry. They could form a deadly and formidable shield wall. The Iberian peninsula, comprising modern Spain and Portugal, was a place of diverse cultures in classical times with various tribes who cannot always be placed firmly as Celts. In addition, one must say that javelins were not necessarily the primary weapons of a warrior; many close-in engagement troops additionally carried thrown weapons. Soc. Celtic chariots used a suspension system that allowed them to operate on rough ground and even on steep hillsides. Encyclopedic Dictionary of Archaeology by Barbara Ann Kipfer,2000,page 251,"... Sea and from there eastward to the Sar Mountains.  In 280 BC another Brennus led a formidable Celtic army South to attack Greece and Thrace. It is likely that two Latin words for chariot, carrus and covinnus, were adopted from the Gaulish language, although the Romans at no point seem to have employed chariots in warfare. This is an allusion on the Celtic mythology in which the death goddess gets the souls of the fallen warriors in shape of a raven. Warfare in the Ancient World.
The Celtic Warriors’ Weapons Their attacks on the battlefield were fearless, wild and savage, but they were also skilled and deadly. The Celtic Warriors played just one season before disbanding. Spartan Military Once the warrior tired he would jump back on the chariot. The best known were those who joined Hannibal in his invasion of Italy during the Second Punic war and who contributed to his victories in Lake Trasimene and in Cannae.
Such trophies were bound to their horse or fastened to their belts, a practice that also served to cause fear in their enemies.
Hallstatt culture influences abounded as the Illyrians were also its descendants..
This left the ex-Warriors' fans feeling alienated from the professional game. Celtic mercenaries fought on the sides of Ancient Greeks and Romans as well.
Iberian Celts (mainly Celtiberians, but also Lusitanians and Cantabrians) fought for Hannibal as mercenaries against the Romans in the Second Punic War. The Gaesatae, a group of Celtic warriors from the Alps, are said to have used poison on their ranged weapons. The chariots would also drive up and down the battle lines throwing javelins and intimidating opponents with the load noises they made. Celtic Military Tactics Diodorus Siculus writes that they were extremely addicted to wine and that one could exchange a mere jar of wine for a slave.
In the aftermath of the demise of the Warriors, a new rugby league club Celtic Crusaders was formed and played out of Brewery Field.
 The Viking invasions saw the adoption of the bow in addition, but never in great numbers.
The Celtic Warriors’ Armor In Spain, they became master swordsmen accustomed to up-close combat with their short swords. The very name, too, may derive from the Celtic root *kledo-, meaning "sword". The Celtic Warriors ( Welsh: Y Rhyfelwyr Celtaidd) were a rugby union team from Wales, who played in the 2003–04 Celtic League and the 2003–04 Heineken Cup following the introduction of regional rugby union teams in Wales.
To the Romans, the people of the East lacked manliness and vigor. A number simply chose to turn their back on the Welsh game and moved to teams in England and France.
Celtic warriors served as mercenaries in many armies of the classical period. In Battle (pp. The warrior of a chariot crew probably carried an infantry shield. Axes, two-hand hammers and two-hand swords (Claymore) were also used, but they were rather rarer weapons. Carthage and Trade Ancient Hawaiian Warfare In the 5th century BC a Greek writer Ephoros described the Celts as one of the four great barbarian peoples, along with the Persians, the Scythians and the Libyans. Archaeology provides much information regarding the material culture of the Celts, but the significance of these finds in determining how the ancient Celts actually fought is the subject of much speculation.  At the very end of the Hallstatt era, the longsword seemed to fall out of favour, ousted by short, thrusting daggers which are found in greater numbers among grave goods in high status burials.. Roman Military They were effectively a temporary merger of Pontypridd RFC and Bridgend RFC. The best known Roman source for descriptions of Celtic warfare is Julius Caesar in his Commentaries on the Gallic Wars (Commentarii de Bello Gallico) in which he describes the methods of warfare of both the Gauls and the Britons. Celtic warriors would also wear horned helmets or helmets topped with horse tails into the battle to intimidate their enemies and make themselves appear taller. Caesar emphasises the "barbarian" aspect of the Britons, possibly for political reasons since his expedition there was of necessity brief, describing how they wore animal skins, had wives in common, did not grow crops and dyed their skin blue: although this description does not mention the plant, subsequent commentators have supposed that woad was the source of this blue dye and though later experimentation suggests that woad is not very well suited as a skin dye nor as tattoo ink, this image, conflated with the descriptions of the Gaesatae, has nevertheless helped paint the picture of the woad-daubed ancient Briton charging into battle naked and blue. Ancient Sources A war leader's immediate companions were known in Gaulish as *ambaxtoi ("those who accompany") a term which passed into Latin and from which the English ambassador ultimately derives. The larger settlements in Gaul were described by Julius Caesar as oppida and the term is now used to designate the large pre-Roman towns that existed all across Western and Central Europe, many of which grew from hill forts. Aristotle comments that their courage had an element of passion like that of all barbarians. Argument over team colours ran alongside the naming problem until a compromise blue, black and white shirt was unveiled and satisfied most people, as did the initial decision to play an equal number of games at Bridgend's Brewery Field and Pontypridd's Sardis Road.  Such descriptions have been challenged by contemporary historians..
The Celtic circular wall of Otzenhausen is one of the biggest fortifications the Celts ever constructed. Roman Weapons Samuels claimed that the WRU had promised to keep the region going for a second season but reneged on the deal. The La Tène chariot was a light, two-wheeled vehicle, unlike the heavier chariot of earlier times. Grant, R. (2008). One example that survived, dating from 300 BC to 100 AD, called the Battersea Shield, is constructed using sheet bronze and decorated in La Tène art style. Celtic mercenaries served as a major force in Hannibal’s powerful field army as well.
Mounted cavalry arose only later, particularly in Britain where chariots were still used in battle much longer than anywhere else in the world. 33, Piggott, S. (1950) 'Swords and scabbards of the British Early Iron Age', Proc. , Celts affected the Illyrians in cultural and material aspects and some of them were Celticized, especially the tribes in Dalmatia and the Pannonians. According to Pausanias this force included large numbers of cavalry, organised in a system called Trimarcisia (from the words *tri- *marko- "three horse") dividing them into teams of three, only two of whom would be mounted at one time. Most Popular Celtic warriors were known to fasten feathers, wings or horse tails to their helmets. One of the main motivations of Celtic warriors was the pursuit of glory and to this end the Celts loved exhibition when in battle. Celts had a long tradition of fighting as mercenaries, Hannibal even had a personal guard of Gaesatae. The Romans set launched their Pila in order to weight down or pin their overlapping shields to one another. The name "Valley Ravens" was a controversial choice but seen by many as a fair compromise (Bridgend's nickname was the Ravens while Pontypridd fans welcomed the Valley reference), however various marketing persons within the Welsh Rugby Union did not like it. Spartan Weapons Each chariot consisted of two crew members: a driver and a noble warrior or champion. Celtic Warriors, Ancient Empires  Cavalry proper is described as used for skirmishing. Ancient Weapons Celtic shield designs were frequently imitated throughout the classic western world. Nevertheless, they belonged to the Celtic arsenal and worked well against well-protected opponents.
This is a Roman copy of a Greek statue depicting a dying Celtic warrior.
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